Taichung, officially known as Taichung City, is a special municipality located in center-western Taiwan (Formosa). Taichung has a population of approximately 2.78 million people and has been officially ranked as Taiwan's second most populous city since July 2017. The current city was formed when Taichung Countymerged with the original provincial Taichung City to form the special municipality on 25 December 2010.
Located in the Taichung Basin in central Formosa, the city was created under Japanese rule, and became a major economic and cultural hub. It was called "the Kyoto of Formosa" in Japanese era, because of its calm and beauty. It serves as the core of the Taichung–Changhua metropolitan area, with Xitun District serving as its industrial and manufacturing base. The city is home to the National Museum of Natural Science and the National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts, as well as many cultural sites, including the historic Taichung Park, the Lin Family Gardens, and many temples.